The nitty-gritty of what an independent Scotland would actually look like – its currency and border controls --- are all laid out in the SNP’s 650-page White Paper, he says. ... Nicola Sturgeon has said she wants to hold a second referendum on Scottish independence by 2021 if the country is taken out of the EU. It’s best known abroad as the place where Prince William started dating Kate, and as the “home of golf” thanks to the 600-year-old course that dominates the rugged landscape. The SNP believes an independent Scotland is the best way of staying in the EU; the Lib Dems say Scotland is stronger in Europeand in the UK. But how? The Act was passed by the Parliament on 20 February 2020 and received Royal Assent on 1 April 2020. (asked after the referendum)", "How would you vote in a Scottish independence referendum if held now? This had fallen somewhat since the SNP were first elected to become the Scottish Government in 2007. Responses by politicians to the possibility of a referendum have been both pro-referendum and anti-referendum. In May 2019, the Scottish Government introduced the Referendums (Scotland) Bill to the Scottish Parliament. The Scottish Government has proposed holding a second referendum on Scottish independence from the United Kingdom (UK). Uncertainty over Scotland's European Union (EU) membership was a topic in the run-up to the referendum vote. [47][48], A realignment also occurred among those who opposed independence in the 2014 referendum. The report noted that it would take £450 million to set up an independent state, with an initial budget deficit of around 6% of GDP. The Scottish Government introduced the Scottish Elections (Franchise and Representation) Bill to the Scottish Parliament. Professor John Curtice stated in January 2012 that polling had shown support for independence at between 32% and 38% of the Scottish population. In their manifesto for the 2016 Scottish elections, the SNP stipulated conditions under which they would seek a second independence referendum:[24], The SNP were re-elected in the 2016 election, winning 63 seats in the 129-seat chamber, although the result meant that they no longer held an overall majority. [12] The British government and some mainstream political parties argued that remaining in the UK was the only way for Scotland to remain part of the EU. For Scottish voters, a key issue in the December 12 general election will be whether, in the long term, they want to remain part of the UK or to break away and become an independent country. With many seats in Scotland resting on razor-thin margins, this will be the scene of a fierce battle that could have major consequences for the future of the UK. She believes the same argument for staying in the EU, applies to staying in the UK. The Scottish Government would be required to negotiate a new settlement on agricultural subsidy and fishing subsidies and regulations with the European Union upon seeking membership. Across the United Kingdom, the Conservatives led by David Cameron won an unexpected overall majority, their first since 1992 and following their victory passed the European Union Referendum Act 2015 which legislated for the holding of a national UK-wide referendum on EU membership which would be held following the conclusion of a renegotiation of the UK's membership to the EU. Conduct No battle will be fiercer than that fought in the constituency of North East Fife. The Scotland Nationalist Party (SNP) wants a second referendum to get independence from the United Kingdom. The Scottish Government introduced the Referendums (Scotland) Bill in the Scottish Parliament on 28 May 2019. Hauling lobsters onto his family’s boat in St Andrews’ harbor, Gardner stands on the cliff edge. European Union Referendum (Date of Referendum etc.) 1 Power to provide for referendums . Some, like the university’spro-independence union, are adamant about the direction they want that swing to take. [29][30] Former Labour Scottish First Minister Henry McLeish asserted that he would support Scottish independence under such circumstances. “We are better off in the UK with the relationships we have across these islands, as well as remaining in the EU and maintaining those relationships we have across the continent,” Chamberlain says, the sea breeze ruffling her long curly hair. They now live in St Andrews and “just because we were born in England doesn’t mean we don’t get a say,” says Luke. Share. The current Scottish Government intends to seek a Section 30 order or an amendment to the Scotland Act 1998 to ensure that the result of a future referendum can be indisputably binding. Support for Scottish independence has crept up slightly in the last five years and is nowneck-and-neck with those who favor remaining part of the union. [47][48] Elsewhere, 11% backed the SNP and the Liberal Democrats in 2017, compared to 15% and 10% respectively in 2015. The Conservatives, who oppose independence, saw their best election in Scotland since 1983, winning 29% of the vote and increasing their seat total to thirteen, compared to one in the previous parliament. Indeed, the St Andrews students said the Scottish independence movement as a whole had been “very supportive” of Catalan activists, flying their flags at rallies and vice versa. [21], Though the proposal for Scotland to become an independent country was voted down in 2014, the referendum resulted in the Scottish Parliament gaining additional powers through the Scotland Act 2016, which increased the devolved powers in areas such as taxation and some aspects of welfare provision. [90], Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy said: "[be] very clear Scotland does not have the competence to negotiate with the European Union". However, the currency would not be adopted until several key economic tests were satisfied, and until then an SNP government would have a policy of Sterlingisation of the Scottish economy and state. The SNP had 21 fewer seats than they won in the 2015 general election and its popular vote in Scotland reduced from 50% in 2015 to 37% in 2017 with a lower voter turnout. The referendum on Scottish independence held on 18 September 2014 saw Scotland vote to remain part of the United Kingdom (UK), with 55% voting against the proposal for Scotland to become an independent country and 45% voting in favour. Sea on one side, hills on the other, constantly moving between the two. “You couldn’t do it in the Thames (in London) because it’s too much of a threat to human life,” says Stage. [7], On 28 March 2017, the Scottish Parliament voted 69–59 on Motion S5M-04710, in favour of holding a second referendum on Scottish independence. In 2016 Scotsvoted overwhelmingly to remain in the European Union. Up to the minute results of the 2019 General Election in Scotland from BBC News [65] Five months later, Sturgeon announced that the Scottish Government was planning a new draft referendum bill. If there was another referendum and if Scots voted out, it would mark the biggest shock to the United Kingdom since Irish independence a century ago - just as London … The report, additionally, suggested that an independent Scotland would negotiate a share of the UK national debt, while continuing to use the Pound Sterling as currency for at least a decade. Instead, they got Brexit – setting the country on a path it hadn’t agreed to and re-energizing the fight for independence. [64], In March 2020, the Scottish Government halted plans for a referendum due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, it affirmed that Scotland's independence would have to be accepted by the United Kingdom for Scotland to obtain EU membership: "There now seems to be a consensus that, were Scotland to become independent by legal means, it could join the [European] Union". In October 2020, an Ipsos Mori poll for STV News showed 58% of Scots in support for independence[67] and that, if there were an economic case for Scotland becoming independent, 75% of Scots say they would support. Regardless, Sturgeon is confident an independent Scotland would be readmitted to the EU. Although the Scottish Government have paused independence referendum planning, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy will be present for many years. [5][6] No Prime Minister of the United Kingdom has approved the transfer of power for another independence referendum under Section 30,[7][8][9][10] and current Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said he will not sanction it while he is in office. A referendum on independence is a matter of intent of the government to allow Scotland a say on independence. [51], In March 2019, the SNP conference adopted an amendment version of the Growth Commission as party policy on the economics of independence. [62], The Scottish Parliament passed a motion introduced by the Scottish Government on 29 January 2020 to endorse a new independence referendum. Even those who did vote Remain feel they’ve been flung under a Brexit bus that is beyond their control. “It’s pretty unusual for there to be an election during term time,” says the university’s student president, Jamie Rodney, who has been part of a campus-wide drive encouraging young people to register to vote. [33][34] Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said it was "clear that the people of Scotland see their future as part of the European Union" and that Scotland had "spoken decisively" with a "strong, unequivocal" vote to remain in the European Union. [94] The IPPR thinktank stated that Scottish unionists needed to provide options for Scotland, if they wished to retain the British union. [104][105] This position was criticised by think tank Common Weal who propose that Scotland should adopt a new currency as close to day 1 of independence as a means to have full fiscal and monetary sovereignty.[106]. He has relatives in both countries and says he doesn’t want to cross a hard border “just to see my family.” Â. [2] The SNP formed a minority government after the 2016 election,[3] and the "leave" side won a referendum on UK membership of the EU in June 2016 despite 62% of votes in Scotland being opposed to Brexit. Despite the political turmoil of the ensuing three years, Brown believes Boris Johnson is the prime minister to finally deliver Brexit. [7] Ruth Davidson later appeared at a press conference in Edinburgh and stated her position that "we will maintain that it should not take place when there is no clear public and political consent for it to happen". This request set out the constitutional history of Scotland's place in the United Kingdom and that the Scottish Government would deem either a Section 30 order or an amendment to the Scotland Act as a satisfactory means of transferring the power over independence referendums. Despite not having a separate currency on independence, the report suggested that Scotland would set up a central bank to act as a lender of last resort. Ahead of that referendum, the Scottish Government stated in its white paper proposing independence that voting Yes was a "once in a generation opportunity to follow a different path, and choose a new and better direction for our nation". Last modified on Mon 3 … It's hard to see how dragging Scotland back down the rabbit hole of a debate on independence is going to improve our schools." LONDON (Reuters) - Scottish leader Nicola Sturgeon said an independence referendum that could wrench apart the United Kingdom after Brexit should take place in the earlier part of the devolved parliament’s next term, which begins next year.. [...] But there were also political difficulties", referring to Catalonia in member state Spain. The Scottish Government advocates that Scotland should be a member of the European Union both as a part of the United Kingdom and as an independent state. This Act extends voting rights to anyone legally resident in Scotland over the age of 16, regardless of nationality or citizenship, and extends voting rights to some prisoners if they have less than 12 months to serve in prison. [57] Sturgeon's intention was for the referendum to be held in 2020. Financial groups, such as the Royal Bank of Scotland and Lloyds Banking Group, were reported to be considering moving their registered offices to London, as a result of a European law stating that banks should have their head offices in the same member state as its registered office, as well as implying that these offices should be in the location where they conduct most of their activity – which would be the remainder of the United Kingdom in the event of Scottish independence. Regulations 2016, The European Union Referendum (Conduct) Regulations 2016, European Communities Act 1972 (Repeal) Bills, Terms of Withdrawal from EU (Referendum) Bills, UK Withdrawal from the European Union (Legal Continuity) (Scotland) Bill 2018, European Union Withdrawal Agreement (Public Vote) Bill 2017–19, Trade negotiation between the UK and the EU, Post-Brexit United Kingdom relations with the European Union, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Proposed_second_Scottish_independence_referendum&oldid=991033537, Consequences of the 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Pages using citations with accessdate and no URL, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [39], On 13 March 2017, Nicola Sturgeon announced she would seek Scottish Parliament approval to negotiate with the UK Government for a Section 30 order enabling a legally binding second independence referendum. "[121], Interim Scottish Conservative leader Jackson Carlaw has stated his opposition to a referendum. This amended version established that it is now SNP policy for an independent Scotland to create a new currency at the earliest feasible point of independence to enable fiscal sovereignty, with Pound Sterling being a transitional currency for Scotland. “Brexit is just a prime example of Scotland getting the exact opposite of what it voted for,” says 24-year-old Harry Stage, his black curls bobbing with emphasis. [133][134], For the independence referendum that took place in September 2014, see, 2016 European Union membership referendum, June 2017 United Kingdom general election, Scottish Elections (Franchise and Representation) Act 2020, Scottish Parliament Constituencies and Electoral Regions, 2015 United Kingdom general election in Scotland, renegotiation of the UK's membership to the EU, 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2017 United Kingdom general election in Scotland, 2019 United Kingdom general election in Scotland, Future enlargement of the European Union § Possible future scenarios, United Kingdom opt-outs from EU legislation, Opinion polling on the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union, R (Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union, Continuing United Kingdom relationship with the European Union, Effect on Scotland's constitutional position, Trade deal negotiation between the UK and EU, Proposed second Scottish independence referendum, Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group, European Parliament Committee on Constitutional Affairs, 2014 Scottish independence referendum#Responses, Proposed referendum on the Brexit withdrawal agreement, "SCOTLANDʼS FUTURE YOUR GUIDE TO AN INDEPENDENT SCOTLAND", "Nicola Sturgeon to lead minority government after SNP falls short", "Scotland backs Remain as UK votes Leave", "Sturgeon signs independence vote request", "Scottish independence: Referendum demand 'will be rejected, "Sturgeon demands independence referendum powers be devolved", "Scotland's right to choose: putting Scotland's future in Scotland's hands", "Nicola Sturgeon to demand powers for 2020 referendum", "Boris Johnson: I see no reason to ever allow indyref2", "Independence referendum: Euro bigwig Jose Manuel Barroso delivers fresh blow to Yes campaign", "Nicola Sturgeon needs to keep Scotland in the EU. [86] He also stated his opposition to the EU negotiating with "anyone other than the government of United Kingdom" and that "if the United Kingdom leaves... Scotland leaves". “We want to sit next to England at the table,” says Stage, “rather than in the back taking the scraps they can throw.”. [32], In response to the result, on 24 June 2016, the Scottish Government said officials would begin planning for a second referendum on independence. We will oppose UK withdrawal from the EU and will propose that, in any future referendum, there should be a double majority requirement. This is counter to the voting franchise in the 2014 referendum which was limited to British, Irish, Commonwealth and European Union citizens resident in Scotland over the age of 16.[79]. Across Scotland, the Lib Dems’ vote share pales in comparison to that of the SNP – they hold just four of the country’s 59 seats, trailing behind the Conservatives and Labour. Happy to discuss w. @NicolaSturgeon next time she's in Bxl. But the “bottom line,” according to Miklinksi, is that a Conservative majority is the only way to resolve the “logjam in Westminster” and deliver Brexit. However, a spokesman for Corbyn later said: "Labour continues to oppose a further referendum in the Scottish Parliament and would campaign against independence if one were held. [28] All thirty-two council areas in Scotland voted by a majority for the UK to remain a member of the EU. [131] Professor John Curtice said after this poll was released that there had recently been a swing towards "Yes", and that this was concentrated among people who had voted to "Remain" in the 2016 Brexit referendum. Sturgeon said the UK government's current opposition to the independence referendum, indyref2, that could wrench it apart after Brexit, was ''unsustainable''. Now he has the chance to transform the UK, Hardline Hindus are pushing the Indian government's agenda on British voters, Everything you need to know about the UK general election on December 12. [131] This trend continued into January 2020, when three polls put "Yes" support at between 50% and 52% (excluding undecideds). [59][61], Nicola Sturgeon's request for a referendum was rejected by the UK government in January 2020. “Independence is not about ‘oh we hate the English,’” says 22-year-old Scot and pro-independence campaigner Iona Fraser-Collins. Of the top 10 most marginal seats in the UK,four are in Scotland. Experts say that’s largely down to a four-party system not seen in England. [82][83] On 28 June 2016, Sturgeon said that "independence [...] is not my starting point in these discussions. This group was established by the Scottish Independence Convention which is made up of cross-party and grassroots organisations. Student Lottie Doherty, 21, says she’ll be voting Labour because she supports staying in the EU and the UK, but believes the Lib Dem policy on revoking Brexit without a second referendum is “undemocratic.”. [54] Legislation was introduced to Parliament to govern any future referenda on any subject held by the devolved institutions. Students loom large here; cycling down pretty streets and teeming out of grand stone university buildings. [26], The Green manifesto stipulated that a second referendum should be held if there was a public demand for one, rather than as a result of "calculations of party political advantage". [47][48], Following the 2017 UK general election, Sturgeon announced that the Scottish Government would postpone legislation on the proposed second referendum on Scottish independence until at least autumn 2018 when it was believed that the outcome of Brexit negotiations would become clearer. The party lost the first one by a margin of 6 percent. My starting point is to protect our relationship with the EU. [85] She raised the possibility of parts of the UK remaining within the EU, or for these areas to have special arrangements with the EU, after the UK leaves. "[119], Former Liberal Democrats leader Tim Farron in March 2017, said: “Scottish Liberal Democrats stood for election last year on a platform to oppose a new independence referendum. GLASGOW, Scotland—In the British general election on Dec. 12, 2019, the Scottish National Party (SNP) won a resounding mandate from its constituents, taking 48 of Scotland… Richard Leonard, Scottish Labour's leader, stated that the report, "will exasperate millions of people around the country who just want the first minister focused on public services". "[43], Sturgeon stated: "Undoubtedly the issue of an independence referendum was a factor in this election result, but I think there were other factors in this election result as well". 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