In Australia, T. fragrans is considered a species of “recent introduction” and by the year 2011 this species had been recorded at several locations in the coastal districts of eastern Queensland (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/pohreports/thunbergia_fragrans.pdf, Stevens PF, 2012. Flowering occurs throughout the year, but mostly during summer and autumn. In: Technical paper No. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. var. Catalog of Honduran Acanthaceae with taxonomic and phytogeographic notes. 818 pp. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Thunbergia fragrans subsp. Global Environmental Research, 8(2):171-191. Furthermore, Thunbergioideae lack the retinaculate fruits found in most Acanthaceae species, instead possessing either dry and/or dehiscent capsules without retinacula (Borg et al., 2008). Space JC, Flynn T, 2002. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species., Singapore, Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. Roxburghia rostrata Russell Roxburghia rostrata Russell ex Nees Homonyms Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. Within its native distribution range (i.e., India and China), T. fragrans grows in thickets, forest borders, roadsides and scrub jungles from 400-2300 m (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; India Biodiversity, 2014). Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. Negative: On Sep 27, 2010, eliasastro from Athens, Greece (Zone 10a) wrote: Very fast growing, it covers everything on it's way and looks weedy. Portland, Oregon, USA: Timber Press. Mito T; Uesugi T, 2004. The most rarely used plants are medicinal plants such as Sauropus amoebiflorus Airy Shaw, Thunbergia fragrans Roxb., Bridelia retusa Spreng., and Wendlandia tinctoria DC. Leaves 6-8 x 4-6 cm, ovate, entire, apex acute, base truncate to subcordate, 5-ribbed, scabrid; petiole 4 cm long. It is recorded in the US National Herbarium from collections made in 1845 on St Thomas Island (US Virgin Islands), in 1874 in Trinidad, and in 1885 in Puerto Rico. How Thunbergia Grandiflora is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. T. fragrans has been widely used as an ornamental for its attractive flowers (Starr et al., 2003; Meyer and Lavergne, 2004). Considering that T. fragrans spreads sexually by seeds and vegetatively by cuttings, stem fragments, and roots, the likelihood of invading and colonizing new habitats remains high. The use of this species as an ornamental should be discouraged (Starr et al., 2003; Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, 2011). The Plant List includes a further 9 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Thunbergia.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. It grows and flowers well in part shade in any reasonably moist soil. This article is copyrighted by Ital is Vital, 2020. laevis (Nees) Clarke in Hook. 209, Noumea, New Caledonia, South Pacific Commission. Catalogue of vascular plants of Panama (Catalogo de Plantas Vasculares de Panama. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Correa A, Galdames MDC, Stapf MNS, 2004. The genus Thunbergia is named after the Swedish botanist and explorer, Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1822). 1192 pp. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. Mauritius and La Réunion) and on several Pacific islands (e.g. corolla lobes). Plants of the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the West Indies. Wu & H.S. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. 1-158. Flowers trumpet-shaped, corolla white to about 7 cm long. In: Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department Bulletin, 1 384. sub-entire). The flowers are about 2 cm wide and have a subtle, cream-colored center instead of the black-eyed one of the Thunbergia alata. http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/niue_report_20041217.pdf, Starr F; Starr K; Loope LL, 2003. Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium, 23:115-137. Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. it is a human commensal), Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. (Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay).) Wu TL, 2001. Calyx green, of 15-20 sepals, lanceolate, 3-5 mm long; corolla white, infundibuliform, with 5 lobes, the tube 2.5-4 cm long, narrow at the base, yellow inside, the limb 4-5 cm in diameter. Blue thunbergia (Thunbergia grandiflora) is relatively similar to fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans), black-eyed Susan (Thunbergia alata) and the native species Thunbergia arnhemica. Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and the new regulation for prevention of their adverse effects. Visit our guidelines.Traditional uses of medicinal plants by native people in Nawarangpur district, Odisha, India Reference(s) Traditional uses of medicinal plants by native people in Nawarangpur district, Odisha, India by N. 80 pp. 273 pp. Thunbergia fragrans (Chimine) in Talakona forest, AP W IMG 8508.jpg 481 × 600; 136 KB Thunbergia fragrans 01.JPG 3,076 × 1,924; 1.11 MB Thunbergia fragrans 02.JPG 3,648 × 2,600; 1.74 MB Thunbergia fragrans. var. India 4: 391. It is widely grown as a garden ornamentaland wall covering in Kenya. Tumbuhan ini adalah tumbuhan asli China, India, Nepal, Indochina, dan Burma, serta dinaturalisasi secara luas di berbagai tempat lain. 848 pp. USDA-ARS, 2014. Traditional uses of these five species as medicinal, ornamental, vegetable, cultural significance and as other uses have also been highlighted in the enumeration section of the paper. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. Hokche O, Berry PE, Huber O, 2008. 55, 584 pp. A low-growing, slender-stemmed, spreading creeper or climbing vine. Species within this family are herbs or woody shrubs, lianas and trees (Stevens, 2012). Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, 860 pp. The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. Copyright © 2016. Distribution Nepal, China, India, Burma, Indochina, Australia and America. Taxon, 57(3):811-822. Fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans) is regarded as a potentially significant environmental weed in Queensland. Dispersal of this species is usually facilitated by it being grown in gardens (i.e. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. by Breedlove DE]. Catalog of Guatemalan Acanthaceae: taxonomy, ecology, and conservation. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. Meyer JY; Lavergne C, 2004. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. Acanthaceae. 1). Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department Bulletin 1 (revised):384 pp. Report to the Government of Niue and the United Nations Development Programme: Invasive Plant Species on Niue following Cyclone Heta., 76 pp. [Proceedings of the California Academy of Science], 61 289-377. Diversity and Distributions, 10(5/6):333-347. All plants segments and roots have to be removed in order to avoid re-sprouts. Villaseñor JL; Espinosa-Garcia FJ, 2004. 10 (5/6), 333-347. Brit. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP) (Botanical database of the Nadeaud Herbarium of French Polynesia). Online Database. In Jamaica and Puerto Rico, this species has been recorded flowering and fruiting throughout the year (Adams, 1972; Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005). It has become an exotic weed in many tropical countries. Swarbrick JT, 1997. It has been widely cultivated as an ornamental and now it is cultivated and naturalized in North, Central and South America, the Caribbean and on many islands in the Indian and Pacific Ocean (see distribution table for details; Daniel, 1995, 2001, 2005; Meyer and Lavergne, 2004; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011; PIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014). Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies. This species reproduces by seeds and also vegetatively via fragments of stems and roots. The American Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is native to India and other parts of Asia. Leaves opposite, more or less triangular. This species is declared under legislation in the following states and territories: For information on the management of this species see the following resources: Fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans) is relatively similar to blue trumpet vine (Thunbergia grandiflora), laurel clock vine (Thunbergia laurifolia) and black-eyed Susan (Thunbergia alata), and very similar to native thunbergia (Thunbergia arnhemica). In: Micronesica Supplement, 6 61-65. Invasive weedy angiosperms in Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia. Online Portal of India Biodiversity., http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 51:483 pp. In the case of T. fragrans, pollinators are unknown, but based on floral traits the species could be considered entomophilous (Starr et al., 2003). Thunbergia on its own usually refers to Thunbergia grandiflora, while Thunbergia alata is often known as Black-eyed Susan Vine or just Black-eyed Susan. India Biodiversity, 2014. riparian areas), urban bushland, disturbed sites, roadsides and plantation crops in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. crenate), or almost entire (i.e. , 2012. Flora Chiapas [ed. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Scotland RW; Vollesen K, 2000. Micronesica Supplement, 6:61-65. A potential weed of closed forests, forest margins, watercourses (i.e. Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji. Broome R; Sabir K; Carrington S, 2007. its distinctive fruit capsule is topped with a long, thick, beak. Diversity and Distributions. Want to re-post this article? fragrans, Thunbergia grandiflora Roxb., Thunbergia hossei Clarke, Thunbergia laurifolia Lindl., Thunbergia similis Craib, Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. USDA-ARS, 2014. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland., Australia: The University of Queensland and Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries. Daniel TF, 1995. This herbicide should be applied in a ratio of 7.5 ml/L water. These species can be distinguished by the following differences: Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Flora of China. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, CABI, Undated. New York, USA: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 1104 pp. Tropical ornamentals. It is a fast-growing vine which has been intentionally introduced as an ornamental in many tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions where it has escaped and naturalized becoming a serious threat for native plant communities (Starr et al., 2003; Meyer and Lavergne, 2004). its oppositely arranged leaves (4-10 cm long and 3-5 cm wide) have arrow-shaped bases and slightly lobed to almost entire margins.
2020 thunbergia fragrans medicinal uses