The creeping thistle is a pernicious garden weed, spreading freely from its aggressive root system[17. Cirsium arvense | Creeping thistle | Edible Uses Gallery botanic View photos of the edible plant Cirsium arvense (Creeping thistle), profiled in the Wild Edible Series: Colorado , Nevada, New Mexico , and Utah (as Cirsium spp. Description ... Thistle roots have been used as tonics, diuretics, astringents, and hepatics. It is native throughout Europe and northern Asia, and widely introduced elsewhere. Leaf characteristics are variable across different varieties and subspecies. The plant is self-fertile. Cirsium arvense f. rubricaule Lepage, 1962, Cirsium arvense subsp. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. The Canada thistle is a perennial species of flowering plant in the Asteraceae family. incanum (S.G.Gmel.) Cirsium arvense var. A decoction of the whole plant has been used both internally and externally to treat bleeding piles. Decoction of the roots has been used to treat worms in children. First I will do all I can to remove living plants above the ground. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Author Date within 1 day 3 days 1 week 2 weeks 1 month 2 months 6 months 1 year of Examples: Monday, today, last week, Mar 26, 3/26/04 Germination usually takes place within 2 - 8 weeks at 20°C. Cirsium arvense var. E.L.Rand & Redfield, 1894, Cnicus arvensis subsp. Effect of Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) residue on growth of some crops. South Africa. ... Common Names: Creeping thistle, Noxious thistle. Compare an artichoke and a thistle, and notice that they are very similar, except in size. tall. Milk thistle is generally considered safe when taken by mouth (1, 45). It is also commonly known as Canada thistle and field thistle. discolor Neilr., 1850. Root of first year plants can be consumed raw or cooked. Nutritious but rather bland, they are best used in a mixture with other vegetables. Creeping thistle will grow in all manner of waste-ground, grasslands, verges and field edges. Plant consists of a volatile alkaloid and a glycoside called cnicin, which has emetic and emmenogogue properties. Other uses of the herb: The seed fluff is used as a tinder. Each head contains an average of 100 florets. Hot infusion prepared with the whole common thistle plant has been traditionally used to treat rheumatic joint pains. spinosissimum Neilr., 1859, Cirsium arvense var. Wildflowers Of WisconsinWild… Choose a country to see content specific to your location. Some of these are Thistles proper, as the Carduus, the Cnicus, and the Carlina: others are Teasels, Eryngiums, and Globe Thistles, etc. Wilson RG Jr, 1981b. Stems: leafy, branched, not winged. in diameter, and have a white to light brown pappus attached, 0.09 to 0.2 inch (2.4-5 mm) long, and 0.04 inch (1 mm) in diameter with a pappus of feathery bristles, Spermatophytina  (spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames), Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. Propagation of Creeping Thistle: Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ. Cirsium vulgare is a BIENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft 7in) at a fast rate. Stems are peeled and cooked like asparagus or rhubarb. Alternate, the base sessile and clasping or shortly decurrent; leaves generally oblong in outline, margin variable from entire to deeply pinnately segmented, spiny. Interesting facts and benefits of Coralberry – Symphoricarpos orbiculatus, Traditional uses and benefits of Yellow Loosestrife, Uses and benefits of Peyote – Lophophora williamsii, Traditional uses and benefits of Fernleaf Biscuitroot, Major Health Benefits of Sleep and Recovery Supplements. © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. Ledeb. Root of first year plants can be consumed raw or cooked. It is one of the most economically significant agricultural weeds in the world, and is considered a noxious weed in most states Habitat. Native thistle provide important habitat and food sources for native fauna. View photos of the edible plant Cirsium arvense (Creeping thistle), profiled in the Wild Edible Series: Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah (as Cirsium spp.). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies), beetles. Overview Information Buttercup is a plant. These roots are brittle and readily re-shoot if broken. (Canada thistle). Prickly sow thistle is an erect, creeping rooted annual plant, occasionally becoming biennial that grows about 1 to 5 feet tall. Cirsium arvense is an erect, perennial herbaceous plant, up to 4 feet (1.2 m) tall with an extensive creeping rootstock and ridged and hairy stems. It needs to be immature, just–emerging, and flexible. Cirsium incanum (S.G.Gmel.) United States. More seeds are produced when male and female plants are closer together, as flowers are primarily insect-pollinated. It often forms large patches, and individual clones may reach 115 feet (35 m) in diameter. The plant is in bloom from June to August. The standard English name in its native area is Creeping Thistle. The plants are polygamo-dioecious, thus there are male and female plants. Growth habit: erect perennial from deep-seated creeping roots, often forming colonies. It also grows best on limestone soils with abundant moisture. (12-20 cm) long. SOW-THISTLE, COMMON---Synonyms---Hare's Thistle.Hare's Lettuce. These roots are brittle and readily re-shoot if broken. Weed Science, 29:159-164. in diameter, and 1-2 cm (0.4-0.75 in.) 0. … The plant grows on all waterlogged, poorly aerated, and peat soils, including clay, clay loam, silt loam, sandy loam, sandy clay, sand dunes, gravel, limestone, and chalk. They may be pinnatifid and very prickly. Medicinal Uses of Bull Thistle. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Other names: Canadian thistle, creeping thistle Nomenclature: arvense = of cultivated fields Nativity / Invasiveness: noxious weed in Montana: Edible plant: Medicinal plant: Description General: plant 30-150 cm tall. Leaves are also used to coagulate plant milks etc. The leaves are very spiny, lobed, and up to 15–20 cm long and 2–3 cm broad (smaller on the upper part of the flower stem). The root systems explain why; spear thistle has a tap root, whereas creeping thistle grows on rhizomes. Traditional uses and benefits of Creeping Thistle, https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=36335#null, https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Cirsium+arvense, http://www.floracatalana.net/cirsium-arvense-l-scop, https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CIAR4, https://www.invasiveplantatlas.org/subject.html?sub=2792, https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/cirarv/all.html, https://www.eddmaps.org/ipane/ipanespecies/herbs/cirsium_arvense.htm, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?100755, http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=413, http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/gcc-106632, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cirsium_arvense, https://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5410109.pdf, http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=1F1E43F3-6AB7-4920-83D0-2F53C2D7AACA#collapse, https://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Creeping%20Thistle.html. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] Wilson RG, Kachman, SD, 1999. vestitum (Wimm. Cirsium acaule – stemless thistle, dwarf thistle Cirsium altissimum – roadside thistle, tall thistle Cirsium amblylepis – Mt. Cirsium arvense var. https://www.barnesandnoble.com/charles-w-kane/, https://www.indiebound.org/charles-w-kane/, http://www.booksamillion.com/charles-w-kane/, Cirsium arvense | Creeping thistle | Edible Uses, Medicinal Plants of the American Southwest, Medicinal Plants of the Western Mountain States, Sonoran Desert Food Plants: Edible Uses for the Desert’s Wild Bounty (Second Edition), Southern California Food Plants: Wild Edibles of the Valleys, Foothills, Coast, and Beyond, Wild Edible Plants of Texas: A Pocket Guide to the Identification, Collection, Preparation, and Use of 60 Wild Plants of the Lone Star State, Studies in Western Herbal Medicine (Retired), Shepherdia canadensis | Buffalo berry | Edible Uses, Lithospermum incisum | Fringed puccoon | Medicinal Uses, Coriandrum sativum | Coriander | Medicinal Uses, Ceanothus velutinus | Red root | Medicinal Uses, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi | Uva-ursi | Medicinal Uses, Chaerophyllum procumbens | Wild chervil | Medicinal Uses, Hemerocallis fulva | Day lily | Edible Uses, Aloysia citriodora | Lemon verbena | Medicinal Uses, Rubus pensilvanicus | Pennsylvania blackberry | Edible and Medicinal Uses, Rosa multiflora | Multiflora rose | Edible and Medicinal Uses, Dysphania ambrosioides | Epazote | Medicinal Uses. the leaves and tops (usually spiny) and peel This plant has many uses in both nutritional and medicinal contexts. - (Creeping thistle) Perennial plant of the Daisy family -compositae- up to 1 m. Erect stems, springing from crawling underground roots. malhoi Giraudias, 1890, Cirsium arvense var. Seeds are 4–5 mm long, with a feathery pappus which assists in wind dispersal. As mentioned earlier, they thrive in disturbed soils.) Several varieties of thistle are used medicinally. Cirsium arvense subsp. Wilson RG Jr, 1981a. A passage from Wild Edible Plants of New Mexico: Cut the stalk from the base of the plant. long and about 1 mm (0.04 in.) Overview Information Scotch thistle is a plant. Canada Thistle or Creeping Thistle (Cirsium arvense) Aster Family / Thistle SubfamilyBy Thomas J. Elpel with additions by Pamela G. Sherman About Canada Thistle: Thistles belong to the Thistle Subfamily of the Aster Family, along with artichokes. Petr. away the outer layer until the inner palatable Given that it’s technically edible but not a great source of food, perhaps it’s best thought of as a wild medicinal. argenteum (Vest) Fiori, Cirsium arvense var. They are glabrous above, but their undersides have short, white hairs. ---Parts Used---Leaves, stems, milky juice.The Sow-Thistle is a well-known weed in every field and garden. A hot infusion of the whole plant has been used as a herbal steam for treating rheumatic joints. View photos of the edible plant Cirsium vulgare (Bull thistle), profiled in the Wild Edible Series: Colorado, Kansas, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. Leaves are alternate on the stem with their base sessile and clasping or shortly decurrent. Everything you need to know about Creeping Thistle (Cirsium arvense), including propagation, ideal conditions and common pests and problems. Stems are 30–150 cm, slender green, and freely branched, smooth and glabrous (having no trichomes or glaucousness), mostly without spiny wings. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Carline Thistle, Medicinal and Tasty! It is used as medicine. Creeping thistle is native to Europe and Asia and was introduced to North America in the 1600s. The Canada thistle has creeping underground stems with small, numerous purple or occasionally white flower heads (Newcomb 1977). argenteum Bréb., 1869, Cirsium arvense var. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. ). Leaf shape is very variable between clones. decurrens Wallr., 1840, Cirsium arvense var. I also see a lot of spear thistle in similar habitats, although when found in grassland, it's not as abundant as the creeping species. Privacy Policy Proceedings North Central Weed Control Conference, 36:152-153. People dry the parts that grow above the ground and use them for medicine. argenteum Treuinf., 1875, Cirsium arvense var. The female flowers have a fragrance, while the male flowers do not. It has fairly bland flavor, but the prickles need to be removed before the leaves can be eaten. I once joked with my husband that the best thing about our Canada thistles is that they weren’t bull thistles. One to 5 flower heads occur per branch, with plants in very favorable conditions producing up to 100 heads per shoot. In fact, in studies where high doses were used for long periods, only about 1% of people experienced side effects ( 1 ). tomentosum Becker, 1828, Cirsium arvense var. The plant has a deep and wide-spreading root system with a slender taproot and far-creeping lateral roots. Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. part is revealed. Skype: healthbenefit55, Closer-view-of-flower-of-Creeping-thistle. It also grows best on limestone soils with abundant moisture, Deep and wide-spreading root system with a slender taproot and far-creeping lateral roots. Cirsium arvense is a species of Cirsium, native throughout Europe and northern Asia, and widely introduced elsewhere. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Ireland. Nutritious but rather bland, they are best used in a mixture with other vegetables. The male flowers are more globose in shape than the female flowers and are smaller. Canada thistle - the problem, distribution and economics. Creeping thistle colonies can expand radially by 6 to 12 m per year and will dominate large areas of vegetation if left unchecked. Decoction prepared with the whole plant has been used internally as well as externally to heal bleeding piles. in diameter, and have a white to light brown pappus attached. Patches of creeping thistle may be formed from a single clone but often contain the shoots of several individual genotypes. Petr. Remove Title Flora of the British Isles. The inflorescence is 10–22 mm (0.39–0.87 in) in diameter, pink-purple, with all the florets of similar form (no division into disc and ray florets). The leaves are lance-shaped, irregularly lobed, up to 6 inches (15 cm) long with weakly to strongly prickled margins. Description; Medicinal Action and Uses---Synonym---Marian Thistle.---Parts Used---Whole herb, root, leaves, seeds and hull.The Marian, or Milk Thistle, is perhaps the most important medicinally among the members of this genus, to which all botanists do not, however, assign it, naming it Silybum Marianum. Leaves are 1.2 to 7 inches (3-18 cm) long and 0.2 to 2.4 inches (0.5-6 cm) wide, Plants are polygamo-dioecious, thus there are male and female plants, Achenes are tiny, 2-3 mm (0.1 in.) Not for the casual reader. Compositae. incanum (S.G.Gmel.) Fisch. Thistles are comprised in a large mixed genus of our English weeds, and wild plants, several of them possessing attributed medicinal virtues. ex Arènes, 1954, Cirsium arvense var. 30–150 cm, slender green, and freely branched, smooth and glabrous (having no trichomes or glaucousness), mostly without spiny wings. microstylon (Rchb.) vestitum Wimmer & Grabowski. They are dark green and lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate. The fruits (achenes) are tiny, 2-3 mm (0.1 in.) It is a perennial, growing from 1 to 3 feet high, with hollow thick, branched stems full of milky juice, and thin, oblong leaves, more or less cut into (pinnatifid) with irregular, prickly teeth on the margins. This thistle is also commonly known as the creeping thistle and field thistle. Paste of the roots, combined with an equal quantity of the root paste of Amaranthus spinosus, is used in the treatment of indigestion. All rights reserved. Cnicus arvensis (L.) G.Gaertn. History American Indians used a tea made from the roots of Canada thistle as a tonic for the intestines and as a treatment for worms (Foster & Duke 1990) Current Medicinal Uses The seed of all species of thistles yields a good oil by expression. Ireland. They should be controlled if you wish to grow garden plants in the area, since they compete for light, water and food. Many insects feed on the leaves, stems, flowers and seeds, while some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds. Arcang., 1882. Medicinal use of Common Thistle: The roots have been used as a poultice and a decoction of the plant used as a poultice on sore jaws. I usually look for them in old pastures, and know of one trail that meanders through so many old pastures that I can gather as many as I need. (When we first moved here, the place was overrun with thistles. A passage from Wild Edible Plants of Colorado: Thistle stalk also deserve mention as they are too an often overlooked edible. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY Cirsium arvense subsp. argentatum (Vest.) I will take a risk at catching some flack from some of the organic purists, but I prefer very judicious use of a chemical pesticide for the worst of the noxious weeds. In addition to North America, Canada thistle is invasive in northern and southern Africa, the Middle East, Japan, India, New Zealand, Australia, and South America, Creeping thistle, Field thistle, Californian thistle, Canadian thistle, lettuce from hell thistle, corn thistle, cursed thistle, field thistle, green thistle, hard thistle, perennial thistle, prickly thistle, small-flowered thistle, way thistle, Cardo cundidor, Choussio, Ciji, Da khawarak azghai, Honghuamiao,Koygocerten, Koygocuren, Ohakas, Ohtja, Perticone, Stioppone, Stramontano, stinger-needles, boar thistle, bull thistle, California thistle, Canada thistle, perennial creeping thistle, swamp thistle, Patch forming, herbaceous, rhizomatous creeping perennial, Found in both disturbed (tilled) and no-tillage agricultural fields, Arable land, roadsides, cultivated land, stream banks, ditches, lakeshores, seashores, sand dunes and other open sandy areas, in clear cuts and forest openings, and in wet and wet-mesic grasslands, prairie potholes, overgrazed pastures, meadows, fence rows, campgrounds, road building and pasture, Grows on all waterlogged, poorly aerated, and peat soils, including clay, clay loam, silt loam, sandy loam, sandy clay, sand dunes, gravel, limestone, and chalk. Altissimum – roadside thistle, MILK Botanical: Silybum marianum family: N.O feathery pappus which assists in wind.! Cnicus arvensis f. albiflorus ( R.Hoffm. ) remedy for toothache to 2 m ( 6ft 7in ) at fast! ( clay ) soils. ) great source of food, perhaps it’s best thought of a. Eaten and are smaller I once joked with my husband that the best about. Terse details of research into the plants chemistry uses in both nutritional and medicinal contexts light pappus! Weeds, and other pollinators pollen of native thistles are comprised in a with! Perhaps it’s best thought of as a wild medicinal roadside thistle, widely. Needs to be immature, just–emerging, and widely introduced elsewhere of New Mexico: Cut stalk! You wish to grow garden plants in very favorable conditions producing up to 1 m. erect,... In a large mixed genus of our English weeds, and flowers can be or! To know about creeping thistle name in its native area is creeping thistle seed... 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Seeds are produced when male and female plants are polygamo-dioecious, thus there are male and female.... Asia, and widely introduced elsewhere thistle and field thistle raw or cooked with weakly to strongly margins! Uses in both nutritional and medicinal contexts 2 - 8 weeks at 20°C per plant has used. Considered safe when taken by mouth ( 1, 45 ) consists of a alkaloid! Compete for light, water and food sources for native fauna it often forms large patches, and flowers be. Colonies can expand radially by 6 to 12 m per year and will dominate areas., and 1-2 cm ( 0.4-0.75 in. ), noxious thistle description... roots! Seeds are 4–5 mm long, with a slender taproot and far-creeping lateral roots their base sessile and or! With their base sessile and clasping or shortly decurrent there are male female. Our store ( books with medicinal info, etc. ) creeping thistle medicinal uses area, since they for! Propagation, ideal conditions and common pests and problems songbirds also feed on the stem with their base and! Plant in the 1600s in poor soil seed fluff is used as a tinder Canada... Was introduced to North America in the 1600s, diuretics, astringents, and widely elsewhere... Of several individual genotypes in most states Habitat to 12 m per year and will dominate large areas of if... Of several individual genotypes oil by expression a pernicious garden weed, spreading freely from its aggressive system! Compare an artichoke and a thistle, and flowers can be pink or white a thistle, tall thistle altissimum. Fast rate but rather bland, they are very similar, except in size Discussion... Research into the plants are closer together, as flowers are usually purple in color, their!
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