The last full US census results, from 2010, showed that there were 3,725,789 people in Puerto Rico, so the population decrease was 19,099 in a single year. [75] In 2012, José Nadal Power and Ramón Luis Nieves were elected as District Senators. Only a few hotels were still closed in San Juan and that life for tourists in and around the capital had, for the most part, returned to normal. [61] San Juan's Municipal Legislature is made up of 17 municipal legislators, elected at-large, which represent the city's population. Some examples are the Ballajá Barracks, which now serve as museum and headquarters of several cultural organizations; La Fortaleza, which has served as the residence of the Governor of Puerto Rico since the 16th Century; and the Ancient Welfare Asylum, which now houses the Institute of Puerto Rican Culture, among others. In 1951 the municipalities of San Juan and Río Piedras were merged to redefine San Juan's current city limits. The Santurce Crabbers are located third among teams with more championships in the Caribbean Series, winning championships in the 1951, 1953, 1955, 1993 and 2000 editions of the tournament. 1950 451,000. Contents: Population. The municipal government sponsors regular health fairs in different areas of the city focusing on health care for the elderly and the disabled. Most of the specialized schools operated by the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico are located in San Juan. It has a population of 395,326, making it the 46th largest city in the USA. [73], The executive branch is headed by a popularly elected mayor. However, Asians of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin together number at 6,342. [7] San Juan is also a principal city of the San Juan-Caguas-Fajardo Combined Statistical Area. San Juan is the forty-sixth biggest city under the jurisdiction of the U.S. which was established by the Spanish in 1521. Of these, nine are Diagnostic and Treatment Centers located in communities throughout San Juan. [29] Rincón de Gautier served as mayor until January 2, 1969. It is operated jointly by the Puerto Rico Department of Corrections and the Medical Services Administration. [67], The Puerto Rico Museum of Contemporary Art, located in Santurce, specializes in contemporary artwork from Latin America and the Caribbean. [20] The residents of San Juan were furious with Rivero and blamed him for the destruction caused to their city by the American bombardments. San Juan, Puerto Rico. This area is approximately 138% of the area of Delaware. Hospital del Maestro (Teachers Hospital): Located in Hato Rey, this hospital is operated by the Puerto Rico Teachers Association. 62; July - December 1936, "El Mundo"; "Fallece El Aguila - Fue Primer Boricua Manejo Avion en la Isla" (Spanish); by: Malen Rojas Daporte; October 20, 1954; Number 13,448. San Juan is located at 18.4655° N, 66.1057° W at an elevation of 26'. AMA's ridership is estimated at 112,000 on weekdays. [85], In an attempt to decrease vehicle dependency and road congestion, the city built a metro system dubbed "Tren Urbano" ("Urban Train"). [55] and is home to the "Plaza del Mercado" (Río Piedras Marketplace), the main campus and the Medical Sciences campus of the University of Puerto Rico and the San Juan Botanical Garden. They drove Enrico and his men from their trenches and into the ocean in their haste to reach their ships.[17]. Hospital de Veteranos: The main Veterans hospital in the Caribbean. This is the population pyramid for Puerto Rico. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 92.09% of the population. Law enforcement in San Juan is the joint responsibility of the Department of Police and Public Safety, also known as the San Juan Police Department and the Puerto Rico Police Department. Rivero-Méndez was ordered to turn over the keys of all the military installations in San Juan to Captain Henry A. Reed of the U.S. Army after the Treaty of Paris of 1898 was signed. Official Website: Population: 442,447 (2000 census) COMPANY HEADQUARTERS Hospital San Gerardo: Located at the Cupey neighborhood, is a small hospital but is also specialized in psychiatry and elderly. With the annexation of Río Piedras in 1951, the municipality of San Juan grew four times its previous size. [20] On July 25, General Nelson A. At the beginning of the twentieth century an electric trolley was installed, the township was split into three parts, and its main settlement, merged with the city, was renamed using the Spanish spelling of Santurtzi (Saint George in Basque), Ubarri's birthplace in Vizcaya, Spain. The Santurce Crabbers won the National Superior Basketball League championship in 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001 and 2003 during this period being recognized as a dynasty. Official records for San Juan were kept at downtown from November 1898 to December 1955 and at Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport since January 1956. The average household income in San Juan is $42,216 with a poverty rate of 41.95%. [27] Camp Las Casas was eventually closed down, and in 1950 a public housing project by the name of Residencial Fray Bartolome de Las Casas was constructed on its former location. [64] By October 2019, nearly all of the popular amenities for tourists, in the major destinations such as San Juan, Ponce and Arecibo, were in operation on the island and tourism was rebounding. San Juan reached it's highest population of 386,070 in 2011. San Juan (/ˌsæn ˈhwɑːn/, Spanish: [saŋ ˈxwan]; "Saint John") is the capital and most-populous municipality in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States. Eight of the 18 barrios are further subdivided into subbarrios, including the two barrios (San Juan Antiguo and Santurce) that belonged to the original municipality of San Juan. During this period the city underwent an industrial revolution, although as of 1984 it had never generated its own economic region. Non-Hispanic whites and blacks form 1.2% and 0.3% of San Juan's population respectively. The land has a total area of 8,870 km² and a total coastline of 501 km. Table. These include the 16th-century Fort San Felipe del Morro and the 17th-century Fort San Cristóbal, both part of San Juan National Historic Site, and the 16th-century El Palacio de Santa Catalina, also known as La Fortaleza, which serves as the governor's mansion. [84] There is also a daily ferry service, known as the Cataño Ferry (La Lancha de Cataño), which operates between Old San Juan and the town of Cataño. Miles landed at Guánica (in southwestern Puerto Rico) with 3,300 soldiers in what was known as the Puerto Rican Campaign. On October 30, 1950, San Juan was the scene of the San Juan Uprising, one of many uprisings which occurred in various towns and cities in Puerto Rico, by the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party against the governments of Puerto Rico and the United States. [14], The city was witness to attacks from the English led by Sir Francis Drake in 1595 (in what is known as the Battle of Puerto Rico) and by George Clifford, Earl of Cumberland, in 1598. 1799", "DON JUAN DE HARO Y LOS HOLANDESES" (24 de Septiembre de 1625), The History of Puerto Rico From the Spanish Discovery to the American Occupation / Middeldyk, R.A. Van Identifier: etext12272 The History of Puerto Rico From the Spanish Discovery to the American Occupation, "1898 - Adjuntas en la Guerra Hispanoamericana", "Erwin Letter from US Marine Alden Morse, at the USS New York, relating the bombing of San Juan del 12 Mayo 1898", "Chronology of Puerto Rico in the Spanish–American War", "History of the 65th Infantry 1898 to 1946 page 1", "CALLS ODENWALD AFFAIR AN ATTACK; Fired On Without Warning Shot, Germany Asserts, Contradicting San Juan Commander. San Juan was founded by Spanish colonists in 1521, who called it Ciudad de Puerto Rico ("Rich Port City"). [11][12][13], San Juan, as a settlement of the Spanish Empire, was used by merchant and military ships traveling from Spain as the first stopover in the Americas. [86] The project, which opened in late 2004, cost $2.25 billion and was more than $1 billion over budget and four years late. In Punta Santiago, 11.8 percent were enrolled, among the highest in the area. It comprises the former barrio of Miraflores, as well as drained marshland and landfill over which was built San Juan's first airport, the Isla Grande airport, which was renamed Fernando Luis Ribas Dominicci Airport in honor of Major Fernando Luis Ribas-Dominicci (USAF). In 1625 the city was sacked by Dutch forces led by Captain Balduino Enrico (also known as Boudewijn Hendricksz/Bowdoin Henrick), but El Morro withstood the assault and was not taken. The tourism focus of the city is located in the district of Condado Beach where there are luxurious hotels. It has one of the best harbors in the Caribbean. During the 20th century, the musical aspect of the city was influenced by performers including Afro-Caribbean dancer and choreographer Sylvia del Villard and José Enrique Pedreira who became a composer of Puerto Rican Danzas. Other Hispanic and Latino groups collectively formed 3.2% of San Juan's Hispanic population. The damage caused in 2017 by Hurricane Maria was extensive. Also, San Juan is home to 136[citation needed] public schools operated by the Puerto Rico Department of Education. There is an urge for governor Wanda Vazquez to not go ahead with the privatization so this news is fluid. The city of San Juan operates 10 hospitals. People of Dominican descent made up 12.2% of the Hispanic population, while those of Cuban descent formed 1.7% of the Hispanic populace. International musicians such as opera singer Justino Díaz and Grammy Award winners Ramón Ayala (Daddy Yankee) and Ricky Martin were born in the city. San Juan is the capital of and largest city in Puerto Rico, with a population of about 395,000. Municipio in Puerto Rico. San Juan has been the capital since NA. This step would mean 360,000 fewer visitors, with a loss to the island's economy of $44 million. San Juan (Municipio, Localities, Puerto Rico) with population statistics, charts, map and location. Puerto Rico is one of the most densely populated areas of the United States and, as a result there are quite a few other fairly large towns and cities on the island. Its strategic location south of the capital served as a junction for all the principal ways of transportation of the island and as a geographical entry to San Juan, which are factors that prompted Río Piedras's dramatic urban development in the 20th century. Chart and table of population level and growth rate for the San Juan, Puerto Rico metro area … The city occupies an area of 76.93 square miles (199.2 km2), of which, 29.11 square miles (75.4 km2) (37.83%) is water. Rafael Cordero (1790–1868), was influential in the development of Puerto Rican education and has been once renowned[by whom?] Because of its prominence in the Caribbean, a network of fortifications was built to protect the transports of gold and silver from the New World to Europe. Founded in the mid-1850s, Río Piedras was a separate town which hosted sugar cane plantations and the estates of some of San Juan's wealthiest inhabitants (as well as their working class staff). Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Puerto Rico declined from 3.34M to 3.2M, a -4.26% decrease and its median household income grew from $19,343 to $20,296, a 4.93% increase. San Juan is currently declining at a rate of. According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of San Juan was: 2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers. At the time, the area was used by the military as an air base and it was also Puerto Rico's first commercial airport, and Rigau Carrera was allowed to perform his historic flight from the air field. Santurce, originally named San Mateo de Cangrejos (Saint Matthew of the Crabs), was a settlement for freed African slaves during the early days of the city. Miramar now hosts the Puerto Rico Convention Center as well as some of San Juan Harbor's cruise ship piers. Among those working part-time, it was 44.49%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 52.04%. [87], Increased investment in public transportation, however, has not changed the fact that San Juan is an automobile-reliant city and its fast growth has sparked urban sprawl. The vast majority of Asians in San Juan are of Chinese descent; of the 6,342 Asians, 4,928 are Chinese. There are very small numbers of people of Filipino, Japanese, and Vietnamese ancestry; none of these groups number more than 100 members.[58]. Slaves were brought to the island in the 16th and 17th centuries. Puerto Rico Population Growth. Today, San Juan is Puerto Rico's most important seaport[6] and is the island's manufacturing,[citation needed] financial, cultural, and tourism center. They are: a white lamb with a red flag, on top of a book, and everything above a green island, which is Puerto Rico...which is of orange damask, with which the city was won"). Other sizable ancestry groups included those of Italian descent, French descent, and West Indian descent. Airport", "WMO Climate Normals for SAN JUAN/ISLA VERDE INT'L ARP,PR 1961–1990", "San Juan, Puerto Rico, USA - Monthly weather forecast and Climate data", "Viejo Cementerio de San Juan (graveyard's history)", "Official Web Site of the Cathedral of San Juan Bautista", "Puerto Rico Cheap Hotels: Condado, Old San Juan, Isla Verde and Ocean Park budget hotels", "Informese: Miramar designated a historical district", "Official site of the Museo de Arte de Puerto Rico", "Eatin' Where The Cows Used To Roam: Hato Rey Dining At Its Best", "Official site of the University of Puerto Rico", "Cruise Ship Visits to San Juan, Puerto Rico Are Being Canceled", "Historia breve de la Asamblea Municipal", Distribución de Distritos Senatoriales de Puerto Rico, Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General, "Departamento de Policía y Seguridad Pública", "Autoridad de puertos de Puerto Rico official website", "Government's page on Lancha de Cataño's economical impact", "Alternativa de Transporte Integrado homepage", "Historia de los Juegos Centro Americanos y del Caribe", "Caribbean World Series Historical Statistics 2005", "Expos odyssey takes them back to Puerto Rico", "Official site of the World Baseball Classic", "New Year's revolution Pay-Per-View history", "Afiliados: Atlético San Juan Fútbol Club", "Afiliados: Professional Team Academia Quintana FC", "Afiliados: San Juan United Soccer Club, Corp", "Online Directory: Puerto Rico, Caribbean", "Sister Cities - Honolulu - Open Data Portal", "Sister Cities Link Businesses, Create Opportunities", "Killeen and San Juan, Puerto Rico now "sister cities" - KCEN HD - Waco, Temple, and Killeen", "Dubai's sister cities #Dubai - Dubai City Guide", Bibliography of the history of San Juan, Puerto Rico, Historic Places in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary, National Weather Service – San Juan, Puerto Rico, Capitals of the United States by jurisdiction,,_Puerto_Rico&oldid=990289785, Capitals of political divisions in the United States, San Juan–Caguas–Guaynabo metropolitan area, 1508 establishments in the Spanish Empire, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2010, Articles lacking reliable references from January 2014, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from August 2014, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2015, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Puerto Rico Soccer League Second Division, Black or African American: 18.3% (Non-Hispanic Blacks: 0.3%). [37] Rainfall is well-distributed throughout the year, but the months of January, February, and March are the driest; as March averages just 1.95 inches (49.5 mm) of rain, the city falls under the tropical monsoon category. 1700-ca. portal, List of people from San Juan, Puerto Rico, "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990", "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Puerto Rico's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting", "Nearly two years after Hurricane Maria devastation, Puerto Rico welcomes record number of tourists", "Historic places in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands", "Nueva España documents and transcripts, ca. An April 2019 report indicated that, by that time, repairs after Hurricane Maria were moving rapidly. The orange color was based and taken from Father Diego de Torres Vargas' text and it reads : "Escudo de armas dado a Puerto Rico por los Reyes Católicos en el año de 1511, siendo Procurador un vecino llamado Pedro Moreno. As of the 2010 census, it is the 46th-largest city under the jurisdiction of the United States, with a population of 395,326. Psychiatric Hospital: The main psychiatric hospital in Puerto Rico. Formally established in 1521, San Juan is the oldest continuously occupied European-settled metropolitan area within U.S. jurisdiction. Son : un cordero blanco con su banderilla colorada, sobre un libro, y todo sobre una isla verde, que es la de Puerto Rico, y por los lados una F y una I, que quiere decir Fernando e Isabel, los Reyes Católicos que se las dieron, y hoy se conservan en el estandarte real, que es de damasco anaranjado, con que se ganó la ciudad" ("Coat of arms given to Puerto Rico by the Catholic Monarchs in the year 1511 being Procurator a vecino named Pedro Moreno. The coolest temperature officially recorded was 60 °F (16 °C) on March 3, 1957, and the hottest was 98 °F (37 °C) on October 9, 1981;[36] the record cold daily maximum is 71 °F (22 °C) on February 4, 1935, while the record warm daily minimum is 83 °F (28 °C) on August 11, 1995, the most recent of four occasions. It is made up of eight other hospitals. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. 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