Sericulture is concentrated in the six districts of Karnataka, viz., Kolar, Chamarajnagar, Bangalore (rural), Mysore, Mandya and Tumkur. The awareness event was organised by Directorate of Sericulture in association with Regional Sericulture … [email protected] 3)Before leaving this government website note: this contact button will lead to another website, to get more information on such new opened site, one must contact the concerned contacts registered on that website. A perusal of the industry before independence and the set-up of the Central Silk Board shows that no systematic attempts were made for its orderly development in the past. Please turn on JavaScript and try again. The content of these websites are owned by the respective organisations and they may be contacted for any further information or suggestion. Karnataka, also has a brand of mulberry tea known as Seri Chai from Healthline in Bengaluru among others. Karnataka is a homeland of mysore Silk. Barring for a short revival during the First World War, the industry received a set back mainly due to severe competition from imports, diseases and lack of official encouragement. Sericulture- opportunities. Since its inception Channapatana silk farm is working on Silk seed breeding and breeding experiments. Sericulture, the production of raw silk by means of raising caterpillars (larvae), particularly those of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). The only effective competitor to India is China. This state is now regarded as the “Silk Bowl of India.” Andhra Pradesh comes next to Karnataka. Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. In fact, Andhra Pradesh did not have sericulture worth the name till 1976-77, but it has shown consistent and rapid progress during the past two decades. Ministries/Departments/Organisations. DMPQ- The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a single revolution which developed two phases. The project envisaged to bring an additional acreage of 57,000 hectares of land under mulberry cultivation in order to produce additional 6072 m.tonnes of mulberry raw-silk by the end of Five Year project period. mulberry, tasar, eri and muga, chief amongst which is mulberry-silk. India with its vast agricultural land and cheap labour and the progress already achieved in quantity and quality of silk through continued research shall not find it difficult to be a major producer and exporter of silk and silk goods to the world market in the time to come. It encouraged export of raw silk to the silk-weaving-industry in U.K. The production of silk generally involves two processes: The silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing and surrounding itself with a long, The COVID-19 crisis-struck grape and sericulture growers all over Karnataka were on Saturday assured of measures to safeguard their produce by the State Government… 30000 per acre/ per annum. 1.1 Importance of sericulture in developing countries: The art of silk production is called sericulture that comprises cultivation of mulberry, silkworm rearing and post cocoon activities leading to production of silk yarn. Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Tripura and Uttar Pradesh contribute only an insignificant proportion of the country’s total mulberry raw silk production. Mysore Silk is synonymous with splendor and grandeur. Tasar silkworm process can offer supplementary gainful employment for tribals compare to other sericulture activities. Sericulture is one the most important of agriculture and industry sector. The main objectives of the project in the State were to increase the production of raw silk by bringing an additional irrigated area in the new districts, to provide employment mainly to weaker sections of the people, to strengthen research capability for evolving new races of silk-worms and strains of mulberry and to strengthen the arrangements for producing breeders. Another feature is that the irrigated area under mulberry is not evenly distributed in ail the districts. Sericulture: It is an agro-based industry. More than 60 percent of people engaged in own activities in sericulture. It looks like your browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Sericulture provides gainful employment, economic development and improvement in the quality of life to the people in rural area and therefore it plays an important role in anti poverty … The East India Company gave the industry a great stimulus during the latter half of the 18th century. Even Bengal exported 2.54 lakh kg. During the year 1990-91 about 60, lakh people employed in sericulture activities in the country . The total expected GSDP of Karnataka in 2010–2011 is about ₹ 2719.56 billion. Importance of Sericulture in India and Karnataka, Historical perspectives of Sericulture in India, Relative change in the position of sericultural States, Socio- economic Development of Sericulture Sector in Karnataka, Sericulture sector provide Socio- economic development activities as the following, Ideal Programme for Weaker Sections of the Society, Hope we have satisfied your need for KPSC Prelims and Mains Preparation, 24 Quality mock tests and GS Prelims Notes, Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! About 12000 to 15000 this investment is enough for undertaking mulberry cultivation and silkworm rearing in one acre of irrigated land. Importance of sericulture 1. importance of SERICULTURE 2. During these years Karnataka sericulture has seen many ups and downs in its long journey. In view of the importance of sericulture enterprise for the rural development as well as its cultural bondage, the paper tries to enlighten and discuss the significance of sericulture and strategies to be taken for the sustainable development of Indian sericulture industry for the rural development. This studyis an attempt to analyze the agribusiness potential of sericulture in Karnataka. On the whole area under mulberry in hects of during 2008-19 is highest 77328 and cocoon production in tonnes is 5597.159 in 2011-12. The product of sericulture, silk, has social, religious significance in the lives of Indians, since is closely associated with all celebrations of milestones of life in India and South Asia. ; Key Points. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal have been able to achieve impressive progress because of the application of improved technologies of silk-worm rearing, new varieties of mulberry and its propagation-techniques and high yielding silk-worm-breeds evolved by the research institutions in the country. Mysore silk has been registered as Geographical Indicator under Intellectual Property Rights. The sericulture-industry in India in the past had to suffer on account of foreign invasion and also lack of official patronage. He wanted ‘Mysore to be the foremost among silk producing nations’. Sericulture department is one of the oldest independent department to be established during Birtish government … It is astonishing to know that sericulture industry is providing gainful employment to more than 60 lakh persons every year in our country. DMPQ- Briefly describe the concept of micro finance. Mysore silk has been registered as Geographical Indicator under Intellectual Property Rights. AGRICULTURE ANBIL DHARMALINGAM AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE TRICHY-9 3. Sericulture is one the most important of agriculture and industry sector. The Panel drew up a Five Year Plan as a part of the perspective of 15 years and it also suggested the setting up of a Central Silk Board for the co-ordinated development of the industry. Mysore Silk is synonymous with splendor and grandeur. But during the last four decades, Jammu and Kashmir State is witnessing stagnation. Karnataka sericulture has history of more than 215 years. Sericulture and Weaving in Meghalaya are the two most important cottage based, eco-friendly industries in the rural areas. This paper analyzed that socio- economic development through sericulture sector in the world and in India. On the other hand, it stands for livelihood opportunity for millions owing to high employment oriented, low capital intensive and remunerative nature of its production. Cocoon production in Karnataka has picked up to meet the growing demand for indigenous silk.. An investment of only Rs.12,000 to 15,000 (excluding cost of land and silkworm rearing house) The sericulture industry in India exhibits high growth potential and export prospects.  Large demand and popularity of hand woven silk in the west. Sericulture, the production of raw silk by means of raising caterpillars (larvae), particularly those of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). The biggest impetus in recent years to the development of Indian sericulture was provided by the commencement of the five year 555 crore National Sericulture Project (NSP) initiated by the Central Silk Board for the development of mulberry-sericulture in the country. In recent years, Tripura and Manipur are producing. Importance Of Silk Industry: The practice of sericulture has many benefits to rural people. The silk-producing countries have exhibited a change in the pattern of production and consumption of silk in recent years. Silk-worm diseases and severe competition from China and Japan affected the industry adversely. Sericulture which was considered as a subsidiary occupation in the past is being considered as major activity. In spite of the tremendous competition posed by the emergence of man-made fibres in recent years, the global output of natural silk has registered a steady and significant increase of 104 per cent between 1975 and 1995.  It is one of the most profitable activity in rural sector. It had occupied a prominent position in the sericultural map of the country from ancient time. Karnataka is a premier silk producing State in India and specialises in the production of mulberry-silk in as much as it produces 9236 m. tonnes of raw silk and accounts for 65.74 per cent of the total silk production in the country. Acres of mulberry garden and silkworm rearing can avoid maximum labourers and save wages in the sericulture sector of the state. It received encouragement during the Moghal rule. In the recently presented Union Budget, customs duty for import of raw silk was raised from five per cent to fifteen per cent. Department of Sericulture. To look after the interest of the silk industry, the Government of India established a. In this regard the present study focuses on the objective of analysing the impact of technologies in sericulture in Karnataka State. Chinese Empress Drinking tea under a tree Silkworm cocoon … Per capita GSDP during 2008–2009 was US$1034.9. Mulberry takes only 6 months to grow for commencement of silkworm rearing mulberry once planted will go on supporting silkworm rearing year after year for 15- 20 years depending on management provided. The natural silk has come to establish its competitive strength beyond all doubt and it is reasonable to expect that it would continue to enjoy its unassailed supremacy as a “Queen of Textiles” even in the future. India is the only country in the world which is known for the production of all the four varieties of silk, viz. He made available 12 varieties of pure European and Chinese silkworm to conduct experiments in Mysore State (now Karnataka). The output of silk has been increasing only in China and India. The silk output of these two countries combined accounts for over 60% of the global production. But as compared to the output of silk in India, the marketable surplus of South Korea and Brazil is less and as such, negligible effect on India’s export trade. Some districts do not have any mulberry under irrigation. The district of Chamarajanagar claims to have a share of more than 81 per cent while Chitradurga district accounts for less than 1 per cent of the area under mulberry in all the districts. Sericulture activities enable the low income rural people as can reach higher income groups. It creates a self employment in Karnataka. In the Karnataka state rural and semi- urban areas most of the people adopt sericulture. It creates a self employment in Karnataka.  Availability of indigenous technology at low cost. Sericulture in India has a remote past dating back to several centuries prior to the commencement of the Christian era. The industry had to face severe competition from imports of silk from China and Japan during 1931-32. Mysore Silk has been regestered as Geographical Indicator under Intellectual Property Rights. It is an important cottage industry in Karnataka. It has been held that mulberry culture came from China to India around 140 B.C. More than 60 percent of people engaged in own activities in sericulture. Karnataka is the homeland of Mysore Silk. is provided. Sericulture is an agro-based, labour intensive, export oriented commercial activity. But the industry received set-back during the fourth quarter of the nineteenth century. 2)permission can be obtained from the Centre for e-governance by requesting to this email.  Regular and quick returns. But there have been references to the use of silk in our epics pointing out to its existence in our country even some 2000 years before Christian era. Karnataka is one of the highest economic growth states in India with an expected GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product) growth of 8.2% in the 2010-11 fiscal year. In all these activities, women have shown their mettle and performed their tasks most skillfully. ; It involves rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk, which is the yarn obtained out of cocoons spun by certain species of insects. Mulberry has already been introduced in the new areas in the districts of Bagalkot, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chikkamagalur, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Uttara Kannada, Davangere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Haveri, Kodagu, Koppal, Raichur, Shimoga and Udapi which together account for about 4 per cent of the total area under mulberry in 1998-99. This specialized The industry was left to itself and also had to suffer the consequences of unregulated imports of raw silk and export of silk-waste which together affected its development adversely. In our country, this tea is a popular beverage in the North East. In Karnataka area under mulberry in hects 367209.1 and cocoon production in tonnes 215402. Jammu and Kashmir State is ideally suited to the development, especially of bivoltine sericulture. It creates a self employment in Karnataka. UAS dept of sericulture develops mulberry tea, seeks funds & scouts to scale-up: ... is a well accepted herbal drink, in China and Japan.
2020 importance of sericulture in karnataka