Evolution - Evolution - Biogeography: Darwin also saw a confirmation of evolution in the geographic distribution of plants and animals, and later knowledge has reinforced his observations. The extensive travels of Darwin and Wallace gave important examples of biogeographical distributions, associated variation, and evidence of evolutionary change Charles Darwin and his travels in the Galapagos Islands. This descriptive type of biogeography is still crucial in decisions concerning land use and in deciding on conservation strategies. Biogeography is often studied in the context of ecological and historical factors which have shaped the geographical distribution of organisms over time. Abiotic factors can include temperature, moisture, nutrients, oxygen, and energy availability, as well as disturbances from events such as wind and fire. Maps, an important part of the study of geography, help us locate places on the globe. Biogeography is important in determining the distribution of species in a given area and also the distribution of various habitats. In marine biogeography the most important change was the eventual acceptance of plate tectonics as a mechanism that shapes global biogeographic patterns. The field of biogeography is concerned with the distribution of species in relation both to geography and to other species. Wind causes excessive drying, desiccating the exposed side of the plant and killing its leaves and shoots. Wilson of Harvard, developed a theory of "island biogeography" to explain such uneven distributions. We seek papers describing patterns and revealing mechanisms that shape biodiversity, through time, throughout the planet, from the deep past into the future, and from local to global scales. Biogeography refers to the distribution of various species and ecosystems geographically and throughout geological time and space. We've seen how energy and matter move through ecosystems. Their study helps us form a mental image of the distances and locations of various regions on the planet. Wallace's 1876 book, The Geographic Distribution of Animals , has plates depicting the … Its scope is the entire biosphere from the beginning of life. Biogeography is the study of the geographic distribution of plant and animal species and ecosystems over space and time. ... Wind is also an important environmental factor in the structure of vegetation in highly exposed positions. Evolution & Biogeography Biogeography is central to the development of evolutionary theory. Biogeography Definition. It allows us to know the expanse of landforms and water bodies in terms of their size, height, or depth. The Journal of Biogeography publishes research at the intersection of biology and geography that is scientifically important and of broad general interest. 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