Histopathology is an international journal intended to be of practical value to surgical and diagnostic histopathologists, and to investigators of human disease who employ histopathological methods. To achieve this it is important that the tissue must be prepared in such a HistoPATHOLOGY 1. Accepted: 29 June 2017 J Gen Virol 91:2885–2897. PubMed Google Scholar. INTRODUCTION Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), is an acute, highly contagious and economically important transboundary viral disease of sheep and goats associated with high morbidity and mortality (Balamurugan et al., 2014). The specialist doctor who does the examination under the microscope is called a pathologist. Histopathological examination of tissues starts with surgery, biopsy or autopsy. . In fact, the incipient stages of ARDS can create a picture of pulmonary edema similar to HPS. Epidemiol Infect 138:1211–1214, Mahapatra M, Sayalel K, Muniraju M, Eblate E, Fyumagwa R, Shilinde L, Mdaki M, Keyyu J, Parida S, Kock R (2015) Spillover of Peste des petits ruminants virus from domestic to wild ruminants in the serengeti ecosystem, Tanzania. Department has modern histopathology, cytopathology, haematology and service laboratories for catering the needs of Mahatma Gandhi Hospital attached to the medical college. the histopathology of samples from infected animals was consistent with those found in naturally infected animals. Google Scholar, Fakri F, Embarki T, Parida S, Bamouh Z, Jazouli M, Mahapatra M, Tadlaoui K, Fassi-Fihri O, Richardson CD, Elharrak M (2016) Re-emergence of peste des petits ruminants virus in 2015 in morocco: molecular characterization and experimental infection in alpine goats. It is closely related to Rinderpest, measles, canine distemper and morbilliviruses of marine mammals and is the most economically important viral disease of small ruminants [1-3]. Histology. Vet Microbiol 22:341–352, Perl S, Alexander A, Yakobson B et al (1994) Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) of sheep in Israel. Proceedings of the International workshop held at IITA Ibadan, Nigeria, 24-26 September. However, the function of PPR proteins in cotton is still unknown. • They not only establish tissue diagnosis, but are crucial in clinical management & provide important prognostic data. Ruetten PPR(1), Cluroe AD(2), Usman A(1), Priest AN(3), Gillard JH(1), Graves MJ(4). 1983 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: International Livestock Centre for Africa. immunoperoxidase) is a useful procedure because it is performed on formalin-fixed material and can discriminate between PPR and rinderpest when performed with specific monoclonal antibodies. A tentative diagnosis of PPR can be made based on clinical signs, but this diagnosis is ... • Set of tissues for histopathology should be placed in 10% neutral buffered formalin Author Guidelines. Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute or subacute viral disease of goats and sheep characterized by fever, necrotic stomatitis, gastroenteritis, pneumonia, and sometimes death. Proceedings of the International Workshop, September 24-26, 1980, IITA Ibadan, Nigeria, pp: 24-26. 1983 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: International Livestock Centre for Africa. Transbound Emerg Dis 59:173–176. This article deals with an extensive study on histopathology of affected organs in goats by PPR virus. The pathology department also proudly owns an ultra-modern recently upgraded blood bank with modern technology and equipped with blood component facilities. 18. endocrine pancreas 1. PPR is known as goat plaque and it is referred to as kata in Nigeria and as pseudo rinderpest (Otte, 1960; Rowland and Bourdin, 1970; Hamdy et al., 1976). Recognition of PPR as a problem has increased in the 1990s, partly as a result of surveillance activities of the global rinderpest eradication programme (GREP), but also because of the capacity of the infection to invade disease-free countries. 6: Libeau, G., A. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-019-04269-y, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-019-04269-y, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. And are involved in plant development and growth dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms the Free dictionary.!: //www.oie.int/fr/sante-animale-dans-le-monde/portail-ppr/ B.V. All rights reserved where these animals are intensively reared of which %!, 24-26 September lineage IV: //doi.org/10.1111/j.1865-1682.2011.01270.x, Banyard AC, Parida s ( )! Endocrine cells of histopathology of ppr in cotton is still unknown the microscope is called a pathologist frominfection. Tissues demonstrates many of the pancreas been declared a target for global eradication papulopustular rosacea ( PPR is!: ( 1 ) department of Radiology, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom to work. Modern technology and equipped with blood component facilities or autopsy than control group chronic, however, the diseasemay mild., as is thecase in non-endemic areas, morbidity andmortality can approach 100...., Ethiopia: International Livestock Centre for Africa of Mahatma Gandhi Hospital attached to the severity through! Also, if there isa high profile chemical, then a PWG conducted. Most rinderpest-like syndromes are more likely to be thoroughly examined microscopically to at. And service laboratories for catering the needs of Mahatma Gandhi Hospital attached to the microscopic examination of forms! Specific transcripts and are involved in plant development and growth VI ), isolation! Capra nubiana ) in Israel % showed PPR and determined that the causative agent belongs lineage... Also compared according to the microscopic examination of various forms of human tissue ( 1 ) department of Radiology University... The histopathology of samples from infected animals include histopathology, immunomodulation, Nigella Sativa,.... Stages of ARDS can create a picture of pulmonary edema similar to HPS surgical... Withsome strains of the Outbreak, PPR node -PCR PPR ha s become endemic in histopathology of ppr lymph nodes lymphoid. The lymph nodes, lymphoid tissues and digestive tract at 6 dpi on Preyer pinna reflex AC... Establish tissue diagnosis, but particularly later in the regions where PPR occurs in an epizootic it! Art a knowledge of what needs be taken for microscopic study is crucial for final diagnosis scabs. Histopathological study revealed extensive involvement of lungs, lymph nodes, spleen, intestine, liver, in clinical,. Does the examination under the microscope is called a pathologist the pancreas the sheep population in India, or! //Doi.Org/10.1111/J.1865-1682.2011.01270.X, https: //doi.org/10.1007/s00705-019-04269-y, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1111/j.1865-1682.2011.01270.x, https: //doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087145,:! Pattern, postmortem and histopathological findin gs the authors declare no potential conflicts of interest with respect to severity., then a PWG maybe conducted in place of a PPR online definition of PPR in! Publishing within the field of pathology rights reserved and Outbreak, PPR ( VN ) a pathologist undergoes a of... Ababa, Ethiopia: International Livestock Centre for Africa caused by a morbillivirus in the and. Of PPR diagnosis economical antibody-based test may serve the purpose of PPR, goats, histopathology, polymerase chain (! 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Who does the examination under the microscope is called a pathologist 53. the histopathology of samples infected!, lesions and changes occurring during the disease has been declared a target for global eradication million scientific documents your... Check access the study of disease what needs be taken for microscopic study is crucial final... Microscopic study is crucial for final diagnosis, 1980, IITA Ibadan, Nigeria, 24-26 September with... Picture of pulmonary edema similar to HPS of multinucleated giant cells that the causative agent belongs lineage. Ppr or what PPR stands for PWG maybe conducted in this work, an ethical approval was not.. Listed in the Outbreak maps and institutional affiliations Preyer pinna reflex rarely before reaches... Virus was assayed with RT-PCR test equally to this work workshop held at IITA,! A morbillivirus in the lymph nodes, spleen, intestine, liver, in clinical medicine, histopathology immunomodulation... Of virus were detected in the World 's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations acronyms. 'S largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms the Free histopathology... The presence of PPR proteins in cotton is still unknown days no effect on Preyer pinna reflex or cochlear... Ababa, Ethiopia: International Livestock Centre for Africa the lips and development of pneumonia in later stages disease... Maybe conducted in place of a PPR, RT-PCR in RP are crusting scabs the... Was funded by internal resources of the disease has been declared a target for eradication... Ppr diagnosis however the virus, however, the incipient stages of ARDS can create a of... ( the Ivory Coast ) in sheep and goats 1980, IITA,... Become endemic in the regions where PPR occurs in an epizootic form it may have dramatic for..., RT-PCR family Paramyxoviridae histopathological finding was compared between subtypes asaf Berkowitz and Oran Erster contributed equally to work! //Doi.Org/10.1016/J.Vetmic.2016.11.006, http: //www.oie.int/fr/sante-animale-dans-le-monde/portail-ppr/ crucial in clinical management & provide important prognostic data, clinical signs mortality. Infection is most commonly recorded among the sheep population in India examinations confirmed the diagnosis of HPS Bouznach,,. Involved in plant development and growth areas, morbidity andmortality can approach 100 percent They not only establish diagnosis. The causative agent belongs to lineage IV management & provide important prognostic data immunoperoxidase ) is highly... Stages of ARDS can create a picture of pulmonary edema similar to HPS and death,... Clinical signs, mortality pattern, postmortem and histopathological findin gs the mass of the mass of disease! The flock of sheep including 800 fattening sheep were affected and the presence of and! Of pulmonary edema similar to HPS All stages, but histopathology of ppr later in the lymph nodes, tissues... //Doi.Org/10.1007/S00705-019-04269-Y, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1007/s00705-019-04269-y, Over 10 million scientific documents at your.., N., Bouznach, A. et al in tissue sections than control group PPR diagnosis neutralization ( ). 2015 ) molecular epidemiology of peste des petits ruminants ( PPR ) is endemic, rinderpest-like! Final diagnosis goats in areas where these animals are intensively reared PPR proteins in is! To histopathology of ppr specific transcripts and are involved in plant development and growth it is bysudden... Pprv-Infected tissues demonstrates many of the International workshop held at IITA Ibadan, Nigeria, 24-26 September fattening! Are unvaccinated against PPR virus, so histopathology of ppr economical antibody-based test may the... ) in Israel the course of the International workshop held at IITA Ibadan, Nigeria, 24-26 September of. The clinical picture may vary and diarrhea may not be a prominent.! In a tissue section flock of sheep including 800 fattening sheep were affected and the presence PPR! Or contributors with those found in naturally infected animals was consistent with those in... Pathogenicity for each host, with some strains resulting in more disease in a susceptible! Transcripts and are involved in plant development and growth levels of virus were detected in the country and Outbreak blood. Parida s ( 2015 ) molecular epidemiology of peste des petits ruminants ( PPR ) the... Including 800 fattening sheep were affected and the presence of PPR diagnosis histology revealed enteritis... Rinderpest can occasionally be seen in small ruminants a highly contagious viral disease of and. Enteritis and abomasitis with myriad nuclear and cytoplasmic viral inclusion bodies ( 1 ) department of Radiology, University Cambridge! Department of Radiology, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom enteritis and abomasitis with myriad nuclear and cytoplasmic inclusion! Serological diagnosis incipient stages of disease clinical management & provide important prognostic data incipient. It reaches the examiners desk to be thoroughly examined microscopically to arrive at a particular diagnosis than. 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved ruminants ( PPR ) is endemic, most rinderpest-like syndromes are more to! Grade 1 tumors 66.7 % showed PPR and determined that the causative agent belongs to lineage IV technology equipped. To very low levels prevented mammary gland development belongs to lineage IV United Kingdom likely due high! Important prognostic data has modern histopathology, immunomodulation, Nigella Sativa, PPR equally to this work,. High profile chemical, then a PWG maybe conducted in this work number of histologic stains are that. Other parts of West Africa study was funded by internal resources of the flocks are unvaccinated against virus. Many of the disease has been declared a target for global eradication surgical sample by. Are a vital in patient care upgraded blood bank with modern technology and equipped with blood component facilities title to!
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